Mangosteen - Garcinia mangostana

 

mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) - Pictures of the crop mangosteen - Garcinia mangostana

The crop mangosteen - Garcinia mangostana

The crop Garcinia mangostana

mangosteen - Pictures of the crop mangosteen
(Garcinia mangostana)

mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)

mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)

Scientific name:

Synonyme:

Family:

Denomination or Common name:

jobo de la India (Spanisch), King-of-fruits, Königin der Früchte, maggistan, mang cut (Vietnamesisch), mangestang, manggis (Malaysisch, Niederländisch), manggistan (Niederländisch), Manggusta, mangis (Philippinen), mangistan (Niederländisch), mangkhut (Thailand), mangoestan, mangosta (Portugiesisch), mangostan (Philippinen), mangostán (Spanisch), Mangostana (Baskisch), Mangostanbaum (Deutsch), Mangostane (Deutsch), mangostaneira (Galicisch), Mangostanfrucht (Deutsch), mangostanier (Französisch), mangostano (Italienisch), mangostao (Portugiesisch), mangostáo (Portugiesisch), mangostão (Portugiesisch), mangosteen (Englisch), mangostier (Französisch), mangostin (Französisch), Mangostinbaum (Deutsch), mangostino (Spanisch), Mangostino (Französisch), mangoustan (Französisch), mangoustanier (Französisch), mangouste (Französisch), mangusta (Portugiesisch), mangustan (Malaya), mangusteen (Englisch), Men-gu, mesetor (Malaya), purple mangosteen (Englisch), sementah (Malaya), semetah (Malaya)

Properties:

The crop mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) is a tropical tree from Southeast Asia, whose dark purple fruits are among the tastiest tropical fruits in the world. The mangosteen is native of the Malay peninsula, but is now grown in large parts of the tropics as fruit. Garcinia mangostana is also used as a medicinal plant. Because of the low durability, the fruits are often only available locally. The dark pigment in the bowl of fruit is used in the dyeing of leather.

Biology of Garcinia mangostana:

The mangosteen is a slow-growing, evergreen tree, with a high of up to 25 meters. During the hot season the plant is flowering beautiful and during the rainy season the fruits are growing and ripening. Garcinia mangostana is growing in the warm lowlands up to the cool highlands of about 1800 meters. Temperatures below 4 ° C will not be tolerated. The dark green, thick and leathery leaves are oblong, 15 to 25 cm long, shiny on top and are colored green on the bottom. The plant has a yellowish milky sap. The Genus Garcinia mangostana is probably a hybrid between Garcinia hombroniana and Garcinia malaccensis. The Garcinia genus includes about 400 species, of which about 40 have edible fruits and are used as medicinal plants.

The mangosteen as a medicine:

The fruits are used in folk medicine for diarrhea, dysentery, tropical fever, inflammation of the bladder, diseases of the genitourinary tract, and have the following properties: astringent, antifungal, antibacterial.

Cultivation and Growing of Garcinia mangostana:

The mangosteen tree needs in the first 3 years sun protection. After that the tree can be planted in the direct sun with planting distance of about 12 meters per plant. Depending on the climate, the first fruits will grow after 6 to 12 years. The harvest extends into the first few years of about 200 to 2000 mangosteen fruits in particularly good years. On average you can expect about 500 fruits.

Diseases and pests:

The most common pest is the bee Trigona silvestrianun Vach. (Hymenoptera: Apidae; abeja negra, congo, zañago) which damages the stem, the flowers and fruits.

 

Pictures of the crop mangosteen - Garcinia mangostana:

mangosteen - Pictures of the crop mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)

mangosteen - Garcinia mangostana

 

mangosteen - Pictures of the crop mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)

crop mangosteen - Garcinia mangostana

 

mangosteen - Pictures of the crop mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)

mangosteen - Garcinia mangostana

 

mangosteen - Pictures of the crop mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)

The crop mangosteen - Garcinia mangostana

 

 

Origin and Distribution

Country of origin of the crop mangosteen - Garcinia mangostana

Origin: Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Sunda Islands, Indonesia, but is also cultivated in Mexico, Central America, Brazil, Vietnam, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Philippines

 

Literature

Blancke, Rolf (2000): Farbatlas exotische Früchte: Obst und Gemüse der Topen und Subtropen. Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart (Hohenheim)

Lieberei, Reinhard; Reisdorff, Christoph;Franke, Wolfgang (2007): Nutzpflanzenkunde. Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart New York

C.P. Khare (2007): Indian Medicinal Plants - An Illustrated Dictionary. Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg

Mack, Roberto (2005): Árboles Frutales para nuestras fincas. Con sugerencias para sembrar las semillas y plántulas. Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE) Turrialba, Costa Rica

Orduz, Javier Orlando R.; Rangel, Jorge Alberto M. (2002): Frutales tropicales potenciales para el piedemonte llanero. Manual de Asistencia Técnica No. 8, Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia

Parthasarathy, Villupanoor A.; Chempakam, Bhageerathy; Zachariah, T. John (2008): Chemistry of Spices. CABI

Ploetz, Randy C. (2003): Diseases of Tropical Fruit Crops. CABI

Wiart, Christophe (2006): Medicinal Plants of the Aisa-Pacific: Drugs for the Future? University of Malaya, Malaysia World Scientific

Wiart, Christophe (2006): Ethnopharmacology of Medicinal Plants Asia and the Pacific. Humana Press, New Jersey

unknown (1975): Underexploited Tropical Plants with Promising Economic Value. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

van Wyk, Ben-Erik (2005): Handbuch der Nahrungspflanzen - Ein illustrierter Leitfaden. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH Stuttgart

 

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